Hemorrhoids can be extremely painful and very irritating, and can happen to almost anyone, although they’re more common over the age of 45. If you have a question, “what do hemorrhoids look like?” or unsure whether you have hemorrhoids or not, there are a few things to look for and signs that are indicative of hemorrhoids. The information below can help you to find out what are hemorrhoids and how it can be treated.
What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are blood vessels located in the anus that can become swollen, resulting in pain and itching. In some cases, these hemorrhoids become swollen inside the anal canal, and these are called internal hemorrhoids. The ones that become swollen at the opening of the anus are the only ones that individuals can see, and they’re called external hemorrhoids. They’re often caused by pregnancy and straining during pregnancy, constipation or diarrhea, being overweight, and leading a sedentary lifestyle.
What Do Hemorrhoids Look Like?
Hemorrhoids can look different in each case, but there are some general attributes that can help individuals determine whether they’re suffering with hemorrhoids or not. Hemorrhoids are typically located just outside the anal opening and look like small lumps that resemble flattened grapes. They are typically about the size of a pea but can be more the size of a grape as well. Hemorrhoids can be present in clusters or just one by itself, depending upon the severity of the condition. They might be swollen and shiny or could be small and wrinkly, especially if they’re not engorged with blood at the time of inspection.
What Do Internal Hemorrhoids Look Like?
Internal hemorrhoids look much the same as external hemorrhoids, except they’re typically present in clusters, located along the walls of the anal canal. Individuals are unable to see internal hemorrhoids without the help of a doctor, although they can easily see their own external hemorrhoids with the help of a mirror. In order to determine whether internal hemorrhoids are present, individuals should watch for signs like blood in their stool or in the toilet, internal pain and itching. Because these hemorrhoids sometimes become irritated during a bowel movement, they can bleed and cause pain at that time.
How Hemorrhoids are Treated
Hemorrhoids are typically treated with over-the-counter medications and ointments, or with ointments and vitamin supplements like Venapro. In most cases, over-the-counter medications like these can work wonders and really help the individual with their hemorrhoids. Prescription medications are often used, and typically contain corticosteroids. These work to dramatically reduce the swelling as well as the pain and itching of hemorrhoids. Some individuals use home remedies for hemorrhoids, and most of the time it’s a trial process to determine what works best for each individual.
When Is it Time to Call a Doctor?
While wondering what do hemorrhoids look like and what hemorrhoids are exactly, some individuals might also wonder when it’s time to call the doctor. There are several things individuals can look for to determine when it might be time to call a doctor. First and foremost, increased bleeding can mean a treatment other than ointment or vitamins is needed. Increased swelling and pain is also a reason to call the doctor, as well as noticing that more hemorrhoids have prolapsed or collapsed into the anal opening. If the hemorrhoids are not responding to over-the-counter treatments or prescription treatments, it’s probably a good idea to go ahead and call a physician for help.
Things You Should Know About Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are typically caused by strain on the body, or decreased blood flow. This can happen when women push during birth, or when an individual strains during a bowel movement. Because of this, constipation or even diarrhea can cause hemorrhoids. Individuals who are overweight may be more likely to experience hemorrhoids, as well as those who lead a more sedentary lifestyle. Limiting strain, eating more fiber, and utilizing a stool softener can help prevent hemorrhoids or prevent irritation of existing hemorrhoids.
Those who are suffering with hemorrhoids can benefit from knowing what they look like and how to identify them. It also helps to know what kinds of hemorrhoids treatments are available and when it’s time to contact a physician. The condition is not usually serious, but it can be incredibly irritating and very painful.